Mounting tensions between Algeria and Morocco over Western Sahara, political uncertainty in Tunisia, and national elections in Libya are all critical junctures in North Africa’s prospects for regional security and stability . . . .
The conflict in Ukraine is exacerbating an already poor economic situation in Tunisia.
Akin to a very slow moving of tectonic plates that never produces something as dramatic as a volcanic eruption or a tsunami, North African countries are undergoing a slow process of strengthening their national sovereignty and diversifying their security and economic partners.
It’s a truism that Europe is unstable if its North African neighbours are unstable. That being so, it should be of some concern to EU leaders that, on the bloc’s south Mediterranean border, Tunisia’s 10-year-old democracy appears to be on life support.
Faced with this situation, the discredit that afflicts the partisan system and specific segments of civil society and presenting for the majority of them the specificity of being linked to annuity interests is not specific to Algeria.
On November 1, Algerians voted in a referendum for a series of constitutional amendments proposed by the government. The referendum was a nonevent because of the low participation level. This came at a time when the population had been demanding a political transition in Algeria, through a popular protest movement, the Hirak, that began in February 2019.