How best to start this article on the Technosphere from a Geological Perspective than by quoting this paragraph of that other article titled “Harvesting the Biosphere: the Human Impact” of Vaclav Smil. It goes like this:
“Five thousand years ago the earth most likely contained fewer than 20 million people; at the beginning of the common era the total was about 200 million; a millennium later it had risen to about 300 million; in 1500, at the onset of the early modern era, it was still less than 500 million, and one billion was passed shortly after 1800. In 1900 the total was about 1.6 billion, in 1950 2.5 billion, in 2000 6.1 billion, and in 2010 it approached 7 billion. Consequently, there has been a 350-fold increase in 5,000 years, more than a 20-fold gain during the last millennium, and roughly a quadrupling between 1900 and 2010.”
It is now quite obvious that human presence on earth as evolved during the recent millennia has in an indelible way been marked for good on the earth’s crust. Unlike the lengthily debated climate change veracity, the now known as technosphere (see below) is for all to see and appreciate literally with the naked eye. The question would be that of whether this human activity induced layer of technosphere be uniformly spread through the world’s continents, regions of the lands and oceans. Or on the contrary, there are areas with thicker layers as opposed to others elsewhere.
A short article of the WEF written by Robert Guy, Content Producer, Formative Content and published on Friday 3 March 2017 is straight forward and quite educational.
New research has weighed up total material output from human activity Image: REUTERS/Faisal MahmoodWe know that no other species has had so great an impact on the planet as us. What we haven’t known – until now – is how to quantify that impact. Thanks to the estimates in a new report, however, we can now place the sum total of our material output on Earth at over 30 trillion tonnes.
Who came up with the number?
The research was published in the Anthropocene Review, a scientific journal that gathers together peer-reviewed articles on the nature of the current geological epoch, one defined by the presence of man.
While our biosphere would incorporate the total mass of all living things on Earth, the technosphere includes the summed material output of the human race. It’s this that the research aims to calculate.
Biggest material contributors
The report breaks down the human effect into different aspects of activity. Here are the top 10 aspects, visualized in the Statista chart above. Urban areas have the greatest impact by far (at 11.1 trillion tonnes) with rural housing coming second, at 6.3 trillion. The authors note that while these numbers are difficult to guarantee with precision, they are of the correct order of magnitude.
A weighty issue
In the present day, the biomass of the entire human race is approximately equal to 300 million tonnes. This is more than double that of all large terrestrial vertebrates that lived on Earth prior to human civilization, and an entire order of magnitude greater than that of all vertebrates currently living in the wild.
At 30.11 trillion tonnes, the size of the technosphere is five orders of magnitude greater than even that. It is the equivalent of every single square metre of Earth’s surface being covered with nearly 50kg of matter.
Atmospheric carbon dioxide makes up just a small part of the technosphere, and our production of the harmful gas currently sits at 1 trillion tonnes. Although that only contributes to one-third of the total, it is still enough to balance out 150,000 Egyptian pyramids. It is also enough to fill a layer approximately 1 metre thick across the entire planet – a layer that grows thicker by a millimetre every fortnight. And that’s not even counting the quarter of our carbon dioxide emissions that sink into the oceans.