Democracy & Development as a Dialectic Relationship with Security

Fighting Terrorism involves Democracy & Development . . .

The experience gained on the ground by Algeria in the fight against terrorism is a growing interest of foreign chanceries that discover the dangers of this transnational phenomenon.  It is recognized that the strategic role of Algeria as a stabilizing factor in the region and conversely any destabilization would have a negative impact on the entire region.  To link Democracy & Development as a Dialectic Relationship with Security was the main theme and purpose of the meeting which took place on September 7th, 2016 in Algiers.  This has turned out to be a major international workshop on “the role of democracy in preventing and / or fighting against extremism and terrorism.”

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Relations between the two shores of the Sahara and the dynamics of the current Saharan conflicts challenge both the countries of the region as well as those of Europe and the USA. Adaptation strategies are needed in the West and particularly in Europe in the direction of their South and the relations of all kinds between the Maghreb and Africa. Where the importance of analysing policies in Africa, Maghreb, changes in geopolitics in the Sahara after the collapse of the Libyan regime, the consequences for the region of Mali’s instability, the importance of trade tensions (formal and informal) across the Sahara, including migration of sub-Saharan migrants who seem to be now settling down in the Maghreb region.  This space is subject to differing geopolitical logics, and should encourage the West to have a different vision of it by avoiding a centrist Europe vision.  In the light of the most recent attacks in Europe, it is necessary to avoid hasty statements that might feed the extremes because Islam as much as all the major monotheistic religions is a religion that preaches peace and tolerance.  What is happening now cannot in any way reflect the ideals of Islam.  “Also, ISIS” as a fundamentalist organization cannot therefore refer to the ideals of Islam and take advantage of the now obvious crisis in leadership morality as well as of the increase of poverty in both in the West and the East.

According to a good number of intelligence experts, the origin of the present situation in the region comes not only from the conflicts in the Middle East but also from the Western intervention in Libya. This does not exonerate regimes founded not on democratic institutions but on custom tribal relationships.  Most of the leaders of the Maghreb, Africa, Europe and the United States of America now agree on the need to cooperate more in the face of the threat of insecurity and organized crime, emphasizing close cooperation of the countries of the Maghreb and the Sahel.  It is focused on the obligation to implement an inter-regional strategy that combines all of the countries in the area in addition to the European – American partners that the region has become an open space for various terrorist movements and other groups that thrive through the traffic of weapons or drugs, threatening regional security, and by extension Europe and the US.  Where the urgency of regional and global cooperation in the fight against transnational crime requiring improved data bases in order to effectively combat cross-border crime and terrorism and a strategic dialogue which must play an essential role in order to enhance their future relations in the political, economic, cultural, scientific, and safe areas, particularly to fight against international terrorism.

So, it would be a matter of removing the constraints of the fact that the general corruptibility of institutions, weigh heavily on the responsible systems of law enforcement and criminal justice in general who have difficulties to adapt to the new challenges posed by the sophistication of organized crime networks. Inter-jurisdictional collaboration is slowed by the heterogeneity of the legal systems including North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.  In addition, the borders porosity as well as the weak coordination between a large numbers of agencies responsible for security at the borders poses big problems.  Then a strategy aimed at gradually attracting users of the informal system to the formal system, thus isolating criminal elements to better target everything by decreasing collateral damage for legitimate users.  That the resolution of this evil would mean to tackle it could only be through co-development and not through appearances as shown in a study by the World Economic Forum (WEF) of November 14th, 2013; this revealed that strongly shaken by repeated political crises, the countries of North Africa, are on the verge of a major crisis and are a source of concern, principally because of a moral crisis or rather lack of moral values of their respective leadership.  The gap between the rich and the poor becoming more and more important, whilst the income gap reinforces the inequalities in wealth, education, health and social mobility are all threatened.  The study warns of the pernicious consequences of unemployment: “a generation which began its career in a complete hopelessness will be more inclined to the populist policies while the extent of the global recession and the pace of the recovery have left deep scars, especially among the youth.”  In short and so as stick us to the important meeting in Algiers, we must pay tribute the Algerian security forces and diplomacy that took steps to ease regional tensions; terrorism being a global threat.  So let us hope for the future of Algeria, that this same energy be deployed to consolidate the domestic social front, in order to avoid direct confrontation security forces – citizens with huge costs.  The effectiveness of the homeland security must involve citizens, through the deepening of the rule of law of democracy whilst taking into account our cultural anthropology.  Because, the ultimate success would depend on a broad regional and international cooperation and a new socio-economic policy adapted to the new world. Because Algeria cannot at the time alone bear the financial burden with the fall of the oil price, before in the future pool expenses through regional cooperation and especially to foster Democracy & Development taking into account its cultural anthropology, without which its audience will be limited to term.

Dr. Abderrahmane Mebtoul, University Professor, Expert International,  ademmebtoul@gmail.com

Translation from French by Microsoft / FaroL  faro@farolco.onmicrosoft.com

NB – Dr Abderrahmane MEBTOUL, Member as an independent expert of the Scientific Council of the international journal “Passages”, within the NGO – ADAPES, that is a multidisciplinary and geostrategic, specialized in dealing with both international news, interreligious dialogue, economic, energy and environmental issues, sustainable development and cultural events by crossing different looks of psychoanalysis to the policy, with the requirement to deepen and to put into perspective the subjects treated with our time, and our company, headed by Professor Emile H. Malet, Chairman of World Forum on sustainable development and French Ambassador in Chad bringing together CEOs of large renewable oil/gas/energy groups and prominent international experts of (economists, sociologists, philosophers, engineers, etc.).  Dr A. Mebtoul will be in Paris to attend the meeting of the Committee of which he is a member, which will meet on Tuesday, September 13th at the premises of the journal in St Germain-des Prés. Paris. The agenda of the day is the Conference “Energy and Europe: time of uncertainties”

Other seminars to be held on February 9th, 2017 in Paris :  15th World Sustainable Development Forum, and “Mediterranean: energy, development and peace” on March 13th, 2017on “France-Americas”.

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